The 50–30–20 Wealth Formula for ODs

January 12, 2020
Every day, I work with high income ODs who want to create a meaningful nest egg and build wealth outside their practice. While we do in-depth analysis on cash flow, investments and taxes to generate a targeted plan to meet their goals, you can get started by employing a simple formula you can use to guide your spending decisions. 

Warning: if you are not currently on a meaningful savings program, this may seem strict. But you can tweak the numbers to fit your situation and work up to more aggressive levels over time. The key is to align your needs, personal wants and savings with your practice operating profits in approximately these ratios:

  • 50% Needs
  • 30% Wants
  • 20% Savings  

Let’s look at how that works for a solo OD grossing $1,000,000 and netting 30%, or $300,000 in pre-tax profits (specifically salary + practice distributions). 
Needs = Taxes, Debt & Electricity 
Needs should consume no more than 50% of your pre-tax profits, which in this case is $150,000 (50% X $300,000). This would include taxes, your home mortgage and maintenance (I suggest assuming it takes 1% of the market value for maintenance per year), health insurance, utility bills, car payments, student loans as well as the loan to purchase your practice.

This does NOT include any tax-deductible practice expenses such as equipment or the mortgage or rent on your office building. Those all fall under practice overhead which is paid before you take your salary and year-end distribution. 

For most ODs, this number will start high and decrease as debt is paid off. This doesn’t mean you should go buy a bigger house or new car right away. As your needs shift, its important balance the difference between wants and savings to avoid a “lifestyle gap”, which is when your annual spending exceeds what your retirement savings can provide.

Managing your Wants
Wants is basically your lifestyle spending. This category should consume no more than 30% of your pre-tax profits, which in this case is $100,000 (30% X $1,000,000). 

The Wants category includes all your personal expenses such as food, gym memberships, country club dues, vacation travel/homes, college tuition, cars, boats and clothing. In short, all your necessities, fun and games go here. Wants also includes personal items paid through your practice such as health insurance or auto expenses. 

$100,000 may not seem like a big number to live on, but remember this is after your house and car payments and anything else like a boat you are financing. 

Savings and investing = your key to financial independence. 
The old rule was to save 10% of your income and that may still work if you start investing in your 20s or 30s… But depending on your age and current savings level, 10% probably isn’ enough, especially for ODs not building equity in a sale-able practice. Creating a meaningful nest egg for retirement will probably require saving 20% or more of your pre-tax profits, (in this case is $60,000 per year, or 20% X $300,000). 

Creating wealth is a long-term process
Achieving financial independence over and above your practice income is a long term process which does not happen overnight, even for ODs who plan well. Creating an intentional plan with frequent updates based on life circumstances is the real formula for success.

The views expressed here are as of the date of publication and are subject to change. This information should not be construed as investment advice. It is presented for information purposes only and is not intended to be either a specific offer (or recommendation) Hayes Wealth Advisors to sell or provide, or a specific invitation for any investor. Information herein may have been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, Hayes Wealth Advisors is unable to warrant its accuracy.
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