Albert Einstein reportedly described compound interest as “the most powerful force in the universe”. But what is this powerful force and how can it help you grow your investments?
The basic premise is this: if you have $100, invest it, and it grows by 10% per year, at the end of year 1, you’ll have $110. But next year, since $110 invested instead of $100, you’ll earn $11 instead of $10 on that same initial $100. By the end of year 10, that $100 would be worth $259.37—more than 2.5x your original investment. A powerful force indeed.
This also highlights the importance of saving early (parents, share this with your teenage and adult kids!), even at moderate amounts. Take the following illustration into consideration: two doctors, both saving a total of $470,000 over 30 years, both in increasing increments to reflect career development. Both earn 6% per year on their investments. The only difference? One started 10 years earlier.